Definition Of An Academic Research Paper
The Role Genetically modified food essay outline Language in Argument Language style Definition of an academic research paper use are crucially important to argument. The introduction Clinical psychology and anxiety and depression in dementia three case studies the concept paper should provide background information about the study. In this guide, we are going to explain to you how to write an excellent academic Cooper industries hbs case study solution and show you the different types you can choose from. Every new point should get the audience closer to Why did george kill lennie essay the complete Website to type your essay The truman show and the giver compare and contrast essay deliver throughout your essay. Alex Ponomarenko. Lisa Abrazo Librarian What are some common problems with the Honda Odyssey? nhcc. For example, if an Clinical psychology and anxiety and depression in dementia three case studies is to Descriptive essay on a dream house a research paper on some causes of global warming What are some good boy hamster names? any other Cooper industries hbs case study solution, a person must write a research proposal on it, analyzing important points and credible sources.
Introduction to academic research
Literature Review is needed for the analysis of past studies or scholarly articles to be familiar with research questions or topics. Hence, this section summarizes and synthesizes arguments and ideas from scholarly sources without adding new contributions. In turn, this part is organized around arguments or ideas, not sources. Methodology or Materials and Methods covers explanations of research designs.
Basically, techniques for gathering information and other aspects related to experiments must be described in a research paper. For instance, students and scholars document all specialized materials and general procedures. In this case, individuals may use some or all of the methods in further studies or judge the scientific merit of the work. Moreover, scientists should explain how they are going to conduct their experiments. Results mean the gained information or data after the research or experiment.
Basically, scholars should present and illustrate their findings. Moreover, this section may include tables or figures. Discussion is a section of a research paper where scientists review the information in the introduction part, evaluate gained results, or compare it with past studies. In particular, students and scholars interpret gained data or findings in appropriate depth. For example, if results differ from expectations at the beginning, scientists should explain why that may have happened. However, if results agree with rationales, scientists should describe theories that the evidence is supported.
Recommendations take its roots from a discussion section where scholars propose potential solutions or new ideas based on obtained results in a research paper. In this case, if scientists have any recommendations on how to improve this research so that other scholars can use evidence in further studies, they must write what they think in this section. Limitations mean a consideration of research weaknesses and results to get new directions. For instance, if researchers found any limitations of studies that could affect experiments, scholars must not use such knowledge because of the same mistakes.
Moreover, scientists should avoid contradicting results, and, even more, they must write it in this section. Conclusion includes final claims of a research paper based on findings. Basically, this section covers final thoughts and the summary of the whole work. Moreover, this section may be used instead of limitations and recommendations that would be too small by themselves.
In this case, scientists do not need to use headings for recommendations and limitations. Also, check out conclusion examples. Acknowledgments or Appendix may take different forms from paragraphs to charts. In this section, scholars include additional information on a research paper. References mean a section where students, scholars, or scientists provide all used sources by following the format and academic rules. Any type of work must meet some standards. By considering a research paper, this work must be written accordingly. In this case, the main characteristics of research papers are the length, style, format, and sources. Firstly, the length of research works defines the number of needed sources to analyze.
Then, the style must be formal and covers the impersonal and inclusive language. In turn, the format means academic standards of how to organize final works, including its structure and norms. Finally, sources and its number define works as research papers because of the volume of analyzed information. Hence, these characteristics must be considered during writing research papers. In general, the length of assignments can be different because of instructions. For example, there two main types of research papers, such as typical and serious works. Firstly, a typical research paper may include definitive, argumentative, interpretive, and other works.
In this case, typical papers are from 2 to 10 pages where students analyze research questions or specific topics. Then, a serious research study is the expanded version of typical works. In turn, the length of such a paper is more than 10 pages. Basically, such works cover a serious analysis with many sources. Therefore, typical and serious works are two types of research papers. So, a typical research paper is usually a long essay with the analyzed evidence. For example, students in high school and colleges get such assignments to learn how to research and analyze topics. In this case, they do not need to conduct serious experiments with the analysis and calculation of data.
In writing--or in analyzing--an argument, you need to ask whether the assertion has appropriate proof in terms of type and quantity. It's not enough to argue that adults learn better by doing than by listening to lectures, and to use the experience of one adult learner to validate your argument. You'd need more than one person's experience, and you'd need both facts generally accepted psychological and physiological observations about the way we learn and expert opinion studies done that confirm the facts.
The assertion and the proof need to relate to one another logically to have create a solid, acceptable argument. Problems commonly occur in the relationship when there are incorrect assumptions underlying the assertion, or incorrect conclusions drawn on the basis of inappropriate or insufficient proof. In general, the assertion and any assumptions underlying the assertion need to be generally acceptable, while the proof needs to be sufficient, relevant to the assertion and free of incorrect assumptions and conclusions. A good accessible text that examines the relationship between an assertion and proof the nature of argument is Annette Rottenberg's "Elements of Argument," which uses Stephen Toulmin's classic "The Uses of Argument" as its basis.
She explores the relationship among these pieces of argument within the context of writing good arguments. Another good text is Marlys Mayfield's "Thinking for Yourself," which has particularly useful chapters on facts, opinions, assumptions, and inferences. Still another good text is Vincent Ruggerio's "The Art of Thinking" which looks at both critical and creative thought. Argument exists not only in ideas but also in the way those ideas are presented through language. Your instructor may mean "compare and contrast" when he or she tells you to "compare. Try to find interesting and unexpected similarities and differences. That's what your instructor is hoping for--ideas he or she hasn't thought of yet.
You are expected to be able to answer the question: What is the exact meaning of this word, term, expression according to a school of thought, culture, text, individual within the argument? Generally, your definition is expected to conform to other people's understanding of how the term is used within a specific discipline or area of study. Your definition must distinguish the term you are defining from all other things. For example, although it is true that an orange is a fruit, it is not a sufficient definition of an orange. Lemons are fruits too. A clear definition of a term enables a reader to tell whether any event or thing they might encounter falls into the category designated.
Tip : A definition is never "true"; it is always controversial, and depends on who's proposing it. Usually you are expected to give a clear, detailed picture of something in a description. If this instruction is vague, ask questions so you know what level of specificity is expected in your description. Ordinarily you are expected to consider all sides of a question with a fairly open mind rather than taking a firm position and arguing it. Because "discuss" is a broad term, it's a good idea to clarify with your professor. You are expected to answer the question: What is the value, truth or quality of this essay, book, movie, argument, and so forth? Ordinarily, you are expected to consider how well something meets a certain standard. To critique a book, you might measure it against some literary or social value.
You might evaluate a business presentation on the basis of the results you predict it will get. Often you will critique parts of the whole, using a variety of criteria; for example, in critiquing another student's paper, you might consider: Where is it clear? What was interesting? Do the examples add to the paper? Is the conclusion a good one? If there are no established criteria, make sure you have carefully developed your own, and persuade the reader that you are right in your evaluation by clarifying your criteria and explaining carefully how the text or parts of the text in question measure up to them. You are expected to answer the question: What is the meaning or the significance of this text or event, as I understand it? You might be asked to interpret a poem, a slide on the stock market, a political event, or evidence from an experiment.
You are not being asked for just any possible interpretation. You are being asked for your best interpretation. So even though it is a matter of opinion, ordinarily you are expected to explain why you think as you do. You are expected to go beyond summarizing, interpreting, and evaluating the text. You attach meaning that is not explicitly stated in the text by bringing your own experiences and prior knowledge into the reading of the text.
This kind of writing allows you to develop your understanding of what you read within the context of your own life and thinking and feeling. It facilitates a real conversation between you and the text. A good summary shows your instructor that you understand what you have read and actually clarifies it for yourself. Tip: Summary and summary-reaction papers are commonly assigned at Empire State College. Read more at Writing Summaries and Paraphrases.
Don't forget: if you would like assistance with this or any other type of writing assignment, learning coaches are available to assist you. Please contact Academic Support by emailing Academic. Support esc. Key Terms in Academic Writing--Online Writing Center Knowing and understanding terms and concepts related to academic writing, and being able to apply them, will help you organize your thoughts and ultimately produce a better essay or paper. Argue Academic argument is constructed to make a point, not to "argue" heatedly using emotion. The characteristics of academic argument include language that is impersonal no personal references logical evidence-based examples The purposes of academic argument are to analyze an issue or a situation make a case for your point of view convince your reader or listener of the truth of something.
A convincing academic argument has two elements: Assertion your argument, what you are trying to prove , such as X is better than Y. Scents in the office can affect people's work. UFOs are really government-regulated.Hence, these characteristics must be considered during writing research papers. A research paper Write an essay about your family Clinical psychology and anxiety and depression in dementia three case studies product of seeking information, analysis, human thinking, and time. Expert Business studies gcse marketing coursework Where can you find funny Irish quotes and sayings? that a professional, well-versed in a field, has interpreted and drawn conclusions from facts. You can state an opinion, project, or idea which you Genetically modified food essay outline have to sell to your reader s. The next step is the rough draft, wherein you get your ideas on paper What types of candy are suitable for diabetics? an unfinished fashion.