What Type Of Doctor Can Diagnose Obesity-related Medical Problems?

Wednesday, February 02, 2022 8:24:45 AM

What Type Of Doctor Can Diagnose Obesity-related Medical Problems?



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A nutritious diet includes not just what you eat, but also how much and when you eat. Tips for diet and nutrition with a goal of weight loss or healthy weight maintenance include:. Your doctor likely measures your weight at each of your appointments. If your weight increases significantly over time, he or she may discuss factors that could be contributing to your weight gain. The most common screening tool for overweight and obesity is body mass index BMI. Doctors calculate this measure using a formula based on your weight and height. In adults, a BMI from For example, some people may have a lot of muscle, which is denser than fat. This means they have a higher weight, and thus a higher BMI, but their body fat remains low.

Another measure of obesity is the waist-to-hip ratio WHR. The WHR is a measurement tool that looks at the proportion of fat stored on the waist, and hips and buttocks. The waist circumference indicates abdominal fat. A waist circumference more than 40 inches in men and more than 35 inches in women may increase the risk of heart disease and other diseases associated with being overweight. In most cases, obesity in adults and children results from consuming too many calories and not getting enough physical activity.

Treatment of obesity includes developing and following a sensible, comprehensive lifelong plan to reduce your caloric intake while ensuring good nutrition and hydration, and increasing physical activity. Effective weight loss plans often incorporate some form of support through a medically approved weight loss group or organization, such as Weight Watchers.

Counseling may also be recommended to help you change certain behaviors or address issues that lead you to overeat, such as anxiety and depression. In general, experts advise that you lose no more than 1 to 2 pounds a week to achieve a safe, healthy weight loss that can be maintained. Recommended calorie intake and exercise levels will vary among individuals, depending on age, sex, general fitness level, medical history, and other factors. Very low-calorie diets or diets that are not well-balanced are generally not recommended because they can lead to rebound weight gain, poor nutrition, and other health problems.

Consult with your healthcare provider before starting any weight reduction plan so he or she can monitor health conditions, such as blood pressure and blood sugar levels, and help you develop the most effective, safe and healthy weight-loss plan for you. Your provider or weight loss support group will help set you up for success with realistic expectations in the days, weeks and months ahead. When a comprehensive diet and exercise program is not enough to help a severely obese person lose weight, medications or surgery may be an option to help treat obesity. You should not take any weight-reduction medications, supplements, or herbal preparations without first consulting with your physician or healthcare provider. Over-the-counter OTC products may cause serious side effects or interactions with the medications you take and many have not been tested by the Food and Drug Administration FDA to prove they are safe or effective.

Weight loss surgery , or bariatric surgery , may help some seriously obese people who have not lost weight by attempting lifestyle and dietary changes, or who have serious complications of obesity, such as type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular disease. Typically, these procedures target the gastrointestinal GI tract, reducing the amount of absorbable nutrients. Complications of obesity can be serious, even life-threatening. You can treat obesity and minimize the risk of complications by following the treatment plan you and your healthcare professional design specifically for you. By Healthgrades Editorial Staff. Twitter Facebook LinkedIn. What is obesity?

What are the symptoms of obesity? Body mass index and other measures. What causes obesity? Primary causes of an increase in stored body fat include: Diets that are high in calories, fat and sugar Sedentary lifestyle without sufficient exercise Less often, obesity may be directly or indirectly caused by certain untreated diseases or conditions including: Certain medications, such as corticosteroids, antidepressants, and seizure medications Cushing syndrome overproduction of the hormone cortisol Hypothyroidism underactive thyroid Polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS, which produces high levels of certain hormones.

Is obesity genetic? What are the risk factors for obesity? Factors that can increase the risk of obesity include: Aging, which slows metabolism and the rate at which you burn calories Cultural factors, such as overeating or eating high-calorie foods as a part of certain cultural practices or gatherings Eating a diet that is high in calories, fat and sugar. Your caloric intake may be influenced by the easy accessibility of super-sized, high-calorie foods, which also tend to be less expensive and more convenient than healthier foods. Family history of obesity. Obesity tends to run in families, which may be linked to both genetics and the development of similar dietary and exercise habits. Insomnia or poor sleep habits Menopause Pregnancy Poor socioeconomic status. People from low-income backgrounds have a greater risk for obesity.

Sedentary lifestyle Smoking cessation. Some people who quit smoking gain weight. After quitting smoking , the sense of taste and smell improves, which may encourage some people to overeat. Stress, depression, anxiety , and other mental and emotional disturbances Weight gain during pregnancy that is not lost after giving birth Working night shifts or odd shifts and getting poor-quality sleep There is a strong relationship between economic status and obesity, especially among women. Reducing your risk of obesity. What are the diet and nutrition tips for obesity? Tips for diet and nutrition with a goal of weight loss or healthy weight maintenance include: Avoiding processed foods , such as fast food, potato chips, packaged cookies, and frozen pizza Cooking meals yourself , to help control ingredients and manage portions Drinking plenty of water , while avoiding high-sugar beverages, such as regular soda, sweetened tea, or fruit juice.

Be wary of sports drinks, too, as they include high amounts of sugar. Eating a healthy breakfast every morning to avoid overeating later in the day Focusing on whole foods that are minimally processed, including whole grains, colorful vegetables, whole fruits, lean fish and poultry, nuts and seeds, and plant oils, such as olive oil Keeping a food journal to monitor your eating habits and make changes where necessary. Cut back on cold cuts too, which add sodium and preservatives. A piece of fresh roasted turkey is healthier than packaged turkey from the deli. This can also help improve mindful eating, which allows you to focus on making good choices and savor the food in front of you.

How do doctors diagnose obesity? What are the treatments for obesity? Medications used to treat obesity. Surgical procedures used to treat obesity. What are the potential complications of obesity? Potential complications of obesity include: Cancer including prostate, rectum, colon, ovaries, uterus, cervix and breast Cardiovascular conditions , such as heart disease, high cholesterol , heart failure, high blood pressure , and stroke Depression and other mental and emotional issues Disability Gallbladder disease Gout Gynecologic problems, such as infertility and irregular periods Hyperlipidemia Metabolic syndrome Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease Osteoarthritis Skin problems, such as impaired wound healing Sleep apnea, resulting in hypoxemia low levels of oxygen in the blood Thromboembolism Type 2 diabetes.

Weight Control and Obesity. Healthgrades Editorial Staff. Medical Reviewer: William C. It is intended for informational purposes only. Instead of using a specific number like the BMI charts for adults, the BMI for children and teens is listed as a percent. Body fat can be measured in other ways than BMI, including waist circumference, calculation of waist-to-hip circumference ratios, measuring the thickness of a skinfold a pinch of skin and fat , and techniques such as ultrasound that are more precise than BMI. A healthcare provider can help determine if such tests are necessary. For adults, a BMI of: Children age 2 and older are considered to have: A healthy weight if their BMI falls between the 5th and the 85th percentiles Overweight if their BMI is between the 85th and 95th percentiles Obesity if their BMI is at or higher than the 95th percentile 2 Other Ways to Measure Body Fat Body fat can be measured in other ways than BMI, including waist circumference, calculation of waist-to-hip circumference ratios, measuring the thickness of a skinfold a pinch of skin and fat , and techniques such as ultrasound that are more precise than BMI.

How are overweight and obesity diagnosed?

International Medical Publishing, Inc. In Creative writing pieces on identity and belonging cases, your waist circumference may What are some funny poems about school? a What is an average GPA of colleges? guide see below. For the medical journal, see Obesity journal.