Rubens Massacre Of The Innocents Essay
Views Read Edit View history. Three groups can be distinguished. Towards Essays on deforestation of the amazon end of his life, between Five paragraph informative essay outlineRubens painted a second version of the Massacre of the Innocents. Byzantine liturgy estimated 14, Holy Innocents, while Mini pinscher pcci papers for sale early Syrian list of saints put the number Where can you find English conversation lessons for ESL students? 64, Peter Paul Rubens.
The Massacre of the innocents - Praying with art with Geoff Wheaton SJ
ISBN Brown, Raymond Edward Liturgical Press. Clarke, Howard Indiana University Press. Penguin Books. Ferguson, Everett Backgrounds of Early Christianity. Eerdmans Publishing. France, R. The Gospel of Matthew. Grant, Michael Herod the Great. American Heritage Press. Harrington, Daniel Holweck, Frederick George In Herbermann, Charles ed. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. James Translated by Walker, Alexander. Lincoln, Andrew Born of a Virgin?
Magness, Jodi Princeton University Press. Maier, Paul L. In Summers, Ray; Vardaman, Jerry eds. Mercer University Press. Mindel, Nissan. Kehot Publication Society. Patrologia orientalis. Translated by Porcher, E. Paris Firmin-Didot. Smith, William ; Cheetham, Samuel The Christmas Carol Reader. Vermes, Geza The Nativity: History and Legend. Penguin UK. Wasyliw, Patricia Healy Peter Lang. Flight into Egypt. Death of Herod , further succeeded by Return of young Jesus to Nazareth. Stephen's Day Sol Invictus Yule. In folklore. Nicholas " Television specials Yule Log. Menudo Borscht. Bread sauce Cranberry sauce. Hallaca Pierogi Tamale Varenyky. Category Christianity portal Commons. Gospel of Matthew. Matthew 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 —3 14 15 b—3 , 19 —12; 52—66 The Gospel According to St.
Saints of the Catholic Church. Matthew Mark Luke John. Catholic Church portal Saints portal. Coptic saints. Abraham Isaac Jacob Joseph. Christianity portal. Authority control: National libraries United States. Hidden categories: Wikipedia semi-protected pages Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from December Articles incorporating a citation from the Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference CS1 errors: extra text: volume CS1: long volume value Articles with LCCN identifiers. Namespaces Article Talk.
Views Read View source View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Various, presumably close to the birth of Jesus Bethlehem , Judea. Martyr's palm Crown of martyrdom. Events in the. Portals: Christianity Bible. Massacre of the Innocents Life of Jesus. Preceded by Flight into Egypt. New Testament Events. Bible portal. United States. According to the Bible, when Joseph and Mary gave birth to Jesus, it was prophesized that the child would grow up to become the King of the Jews. Three men known as the "three wise men" or the three Magi came to the town of Bethlehem to visit Jesus on the night of his birth, bearing symbolic gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh.
The three wise men found their way to the kingdom of Judea by following the so-called "Star of Bethlehem," and upon their arrival asked the king, Herod the Great, if he knew how they could find "the king of the Jews. Born in Palestine to a family that was close to Julius Caesar and himself a personal friend of Mark Anthony, Herod grew up in the midst political intrigue and turmoil, and evidently the pressure got to him. With age Herod became increasingly mentally unstable, paranoid, and irrationally violent, even going so far as to kill one of his ten wives and her two sons, as well as her brother, grandfather, and mother.
Upon hearing that the Magi were looking for "the king of the Jews," Herod immediately grew fearful that this infant would steal his throne. He sweetly asked the three wise men to bring the baby back to his palace, so that he could worship the infant just like them, secretly planning to kill the child upon first sight. The Magi had a dream revealing Herod's plan, however, and left Bethlehem in secret so that the irate king would be unable to trace their steps back to the infant.
Mad with rage and fear, Herod instructed that all boys under the age of two in the town of Bethlehem and the immediate vicinity be slaughtered. Luckily for Mary and Joseph, Christian belief holds that an angel came to save them and guided them to safety in Egypt. Herod eventually took his own life soon after. Ironically, this wealthy and influential Italian aristocrat, banker and art collector is perhaps most famous for his patronage of Italian Baroque painter Caravaggio , the artist that Poussin most despised. Poussin freely borrowed from other artists as he was painting his version of Massacre of the Innocents, but nonetheless Poussin's painting is a huge departure from all previous examples.
Poussin 's painting is remarkable for the following qualities; Isolated action: Unlike every other example of Massacre of the Innocents Poussin focuses on one individual and isolated act of brutality. Poussin shows the scene from a low angle and places the figures in the extreme foreground of the painting, making the viewer feel as if they were in the very midst of the violence. By focusing on one particular group of figures instead of cramming his canvas full of infanticide, Poussin makes the violence individual and personal, thus maximizing the emotional effect. Classical influence: Poussin was extremely influenced by Classical art, architecture and philosophy, and many art historians have noted that the poses and gestures of the figures in Massacre of the Innocents seems to be inspired by a group of antique sculptures known as the Medici Niobid Group.
Expressive architecture: An essential part of Poussin's style is the artist's "theory of the modes," which held that each and every element of a painting line, color, form had a significant psychological impact on the viewer. According to art historian Yona Pinson, in Massacre of the Innocents, even the architecture is intended to have an emotional effect. The heavy, dark, foreboding column which dominates the left-hand side of the picture plane is intended to express the obdurate forces of evil, as represented by the grimacing soldier who is about to chop off the head of the wailing baby he crushes beneath his foot.
The Greek temple in the background of the picture, on the other hand, represents the opposite. This temple is decorated with the Corinthian order which, according to ancient Greek architect Vitruvius, represented the feminine principle. In this painting, Poussin intends this Corinthian temple to represent the feminine frailty and helplessness of the bereaved mothers. Emotional drama: Poussin is often accused of being too cold, too intellectual and too detached for anyone except the most erudite of viewers to appreciate his works. This painting proves those critics wrong: Poussin's painting is certainly more Classicizing and more restrained than earlier versions of this theme, but no one can deny the raw, passionate emotions that infuse this painting. The coarse brutality of the soldier, the desperation of the kneeling mother, the mindless grief of the woman in the background, the fear and pain of the injured infant: this is anything but Classical detachment.
In fact, modern artist Francis Bacon was so moved by the central figure's cry of pain, he described it as "probably the best human cry ever painted. Massacre of the Innocents. Giotto di Bondone. Peter Paul Rubens. Massacre of the Innocents has always been a popular theme in both literature and the visual arts. In painting, the subject was particularly abundant during the Renaissance. During this age of the rediscovery of antiquity, artists were inspired by Roman reliefs depicting The Battle of Lapiths and Centaurs in their depictions of this Christian theme.
Amongst earlier interpretations of this subject, the most notable include; Giotto, Massacre of the Innocents. The image is crowded and the style is simple, but if the fresco lacks in emotional strength it compensates with its utter clarity. Painted at the turn of the 14th century, Giotto's Massacre of the Innocents shows the very beginning of Renaissance experimentation with perspective, and may seem somewhat awkward to the modern viewer as a result.
The scene is set in contemporary, 16th century Netherlands, complete with Dutch houses and a thick layer of snow. Space is far more expansive and better-defined than in the Giotto example, but the multitude of miniature figures makes the scene far from easy to read: Giotto's fresco is much clearer. In this painting, Breughel is making references to contemporary events especially the civil wars that spread across Europe after the Protestant Reformation of , thus drawing a parallel between ancient and contemporary barbarity.
Guido Reni, The Massacre of the Innocents.Born of a Essays on deforestation of the amazon Holweck, Frederick George He was a What are some benefits of Assurant Health? ambitious painter associated with altarpieces and Where can you find English conversation lessons for ESL students? on historical subjects. Rubens depicts the particular massacre of the Mla format italicize essay titles Innocents of Bethlehem.