Research Paper Childhood Sexual Abuse
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Asking about trauma/sexual abuse
Second, higher prevalence rates are reported in studies that use multiple questions to ask about specific types of abusive sexual behavior. Variation in the age range of subjects is an additional factor that may also have an effect on prevalence rates. The evidence reviewed points to several aspects of methodology and sample characteristics that do not seem to influence prevalence findings. These are the use of random sampling techniques, the area of the country in which the study is conducted, the educational level of subjects, and the ethnic composition of the sample.
Abstract Recent studies with nonclinical populations have yielded widely varying estimates of the prevalence of child sexual abuse. Introduction 2. Literature Review 2. Child Sexual Abuse 2. School Age Children 2. Emotional Neglect 3. Research Methodology 4. Findings 5. Introduction Child abuse are global concern and have been an issue. Even though many step have been taken by government to prevent it. Statistic shows that child abuse cases keep on increasing for the past years. Children experience violent in all space most familiar to them such as in school, homes and community they live in. They also suffer abuse and exploitation orphanages, in place of detention and on streets.
The wilful maltreatment of children has been recognized internationally as a matter of great sociological impact with legal significant and medical concern. Victims of abuse often find themselves dealing with serious psychological and physical consequences of having been abused. There are various forms of counselling, psychotherapy, medical and self-help resources available for people who have been abused and want assistance and support for managing problems and issues they have developed as a result of being abused such post-abuse issues are sometimes called 'abuse sequela' by health professionals.
While no therapy is capable of erasing the effects of abuse, such resources can provide real and meaningful assistance in helping to minimize the negative effects of abuse. Some people aren't sure if they are being or have been abused. They may know that they have been harmed, but they may think that they deserved that harm, for instance, or perhaps think instead that some degree of harm is acceptable or reasonable, or just inevitable. Though it is not possible for us to give you a definite answer to any questions you may have about what is abuse and what is not abuse, consider that people who haven't been abused don't tend to spend much time wondering whether they have been abused, while a many people who have been abused or are being abused do wonder about it.
If you are upset enough to wonder about it, it is likely although not definite that you have been abused. Recently there has been an increase in public awareness of the intricacy of all of the issues connected with child abuse and neglect, as well as a realisation of the complexity of the responses required. Much of this is due to increased television, radio and newspaper coverage of the topic as well as specific mass media campaigns. Law as one of the mechanism to ensure that all the policy and planning of the government run smoothly.
For example it is a policy of the government of Malaysia that no child is abused or neglected. Therefore the government of Malaysia has passed legislations to protect the child from being abuses and also to ensure the perpetrator being punished. The domestic Violence Act and the Child Act are the main legislations which govern the case of child abuse. The other laws which dealt with the case of child abuse are the Penal Code and the Evidence of Child Witness Act This paper surveys the literature on child sexual abuse and the indicators and symptoms in school age children, focusing on sexual aggression in children as the most indicative symptom in child victims.
While not all child victims of sexual abuse demonstrate sexual aggression, it is perhaps the indicator that most disrupts the school program and can even cause other children to become victims, usually of children a year of two older. Although there are many studies correlating the sexual victimization of children with problem later in adult life, these will not be considered, as not pertinent to the school program. However we will briefly consider the well documented repeated or additional victimization in adolescence, but not adulthood. While in general, society still likes to think that child molestation is a relatively rare occurrence, the statistics show that is not so. And the statistic are probably lower than reality due to the failure of so many victims to tell an adult.
School Age Children The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of states a child is a person who has not attained the age of 18 except in the case of sexual abuse where the age may be different depending on statutes in the state in which the child resides U. Department of Health and Human Services, Both girls and boys are victimized in approximately equal numbers. Children experience abuse at every socioeconomic level, across ethnic lines, cultural lines, religious lines and at all perpetrator levels of education. We would like to believe that life is like the happy children in books, but that is just not the case. Children can be sexually molested by college graduates as well as by high school dropouts; by married, single, divorced and those in common law relationships; by the rich as well as by the impoverished; by perpetrators who practice every religion, even by the devout; and by people of every race and every ethnic background.
Of utmost importance to educators, it disrupts the classroom, lunchtime and recess periods of schools. We will consider what can be done by teachers when they are faced with possible indicators of child sexual abuse and what they must do under the law. Emotional Neglect The National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information b details three of the risks faced by children living in domestically violent homes: the risk of observing traumatic events, of being abused themselves, and of being neglected. The assessment of child neglect requires consideration of culture values and standards of care as well as recognition that the failure to provide the necessities of life may be related to poverty.
The mean age of the victims of the incidents reported was 9. The mean age of the adult sexual abusers of girls is This study replicated a similar study done in the U. Children who have been victims sometimes become sexual abusers themselves. Sixty-seven percent of the victims of sexual assault that were reported to law enforcement agencies in the U. Fourteen percent of victims of sexual assault that were reported to law enforcement agencies were under age six, while forty percent of the offenders who victimized children under age six were themselves under the age of eighteen.
While not all sexually abused individuals go on to become molesters, most molesters have experienced sexual abuse themselves. So, the victim of child sexual abuse may have suffered molest at the hands of another child victim. On the other hand, child sexual abuse by an adult often takes a subtler form. More often than not the perpetrator is someone the child knows: a friend of the family, an uncle, an older brother, even a father or stepfather.
We use the masculine words because female perpetrators make up only between four and five percent of all sexual abusers according to Crotona and Hanson in their study. Findings In many western countries teachers are mandatory reporters, meaning that if they suspect child abuse or molest, they are required by law to report it. The U. In eighteen of the U. The other states limit mandatory reporting to professions which have regular contact with children, which includes teachers.
In Canada, all citizens are mandatory reporters except in the Yukon Territory where it is limited to professionals who have regular contact with children.Descriptive essay on a dream house In many western countries teachers are mandatory reporters, meaning that if they suspect child abuse Research paper childhood sexual abuse molest, they Research paper childhood sexual abuse required Role of women in india essay law to report it. Although the government structures are trying to fight this Short essay about school violence, lots of questions remain to be answered. Related to this latter explanation, among an array of variables potentially influencing the What to write in a congratulations card capacities of CSA victims, children who receive support from their non-offending parents [ 89 Research paper childhood sexual abuse and those who have not experienced prior abuse [ 90 ] seem to Write a mla research paper better in spite of the sexual abuse adversity. Remember What are the natural resources in Massachusetts? only use them as examples to guide your work and do Personal statement computer science and mathematics copy Research paper childhood sexual abuse information you Essay on my aim in life to become an architect find. Many tribes also work with the National Indian Child Welfare Association NICWA who assist Write a mla research paper represent tribal governments, urban Indian social Research paper childhood sexual abuse programs, and staff from various Research paper childhood sexual abuse child welfare agencies What is an example of case law? work with Indian children and their families. The other laws which dealt with the case of child abuse are the Penal Code and the Evidence of Child Witness Act