What Are Some Examples Of Moral Decisions?

Saturday, March 19, 2022 1:42:39 AM

What Are Some Examples Of Moral Decisions?

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Introduction to Moral Dilemmas (BW L4)

Stage theories play a dominant role in modern psychology, with stage theories serving as a framework for understanding cognitive development, social development, emotional development, and moral development. In his studies, Kohlberg presented subjects with various ethical dilemmas and analyzed their answers to place them at one of his three stages of moral reasoning. In Europe, a lady was dying because she was very sick. There was one drug that the doctors said might save her. This medicine was discovered by a man living in the same town. He went to everyone he knew to borrow the money. But he could borrow only half of what he needed.

He told the man who made the drug that his wife was dying, and asked him to sell the medicine cheaper or let him pay later. This level is broken into two stages: stage one, or Obedience and Punishment, and stage two, or Individualism, Instrumentalism, and Exchange Barger, An example of moral is the commandment "Thou shalt not kill. A moral decision is a choice between right and wrong. While morals tend to be driven by personal beliefs and values, there are certainly some common morals that most people agree on, such as: Always tell the truth. Do not destroy property. Have courage. Keep your promises. Do not cheat. Treat others as you want to be treated.

Do not judge. Be dependable. Moral choice is committing to act for what one believes is right and good. It is less about what we know than about defining who we are. Three cases typical of those used in the principles or dilemmas approach to teaching ethics are presented. What are 10 moral values? Many parents make the mistake of teaching their children only about respect for elders, but that is wrong.

Family is an integral part of kids' lives. Adjusting and Compromising. Helping Mentality. Respecting Religion. Never Hurt Anyone. What are moral rules? A moral rule states or expresses a relation claimed to obtain between a moral property and other, grounding properties that are correlated with its instantiation. The correlation between moral properties and their grounds is always alleged to be universal. What is a moral problem? Hypothesis 4: Moral issues are those actions which have the potential to help or harm others or ourselves. A slightly different theory suggests that reason plays a bigger role in our moral decisions -- but still not as big as proponents of human rationality would like to believe.

According to Joshua Greene's dual process model , there are two systems that influence our moral judgments: an explicit, rational system and an implicit, emotional system. These systems are linked to consequentialist and deontological ethics, respectively -- take the infamous trolley problem, where we face the choice of whether or not to push one man off a bridge to stop a trolley which otherwise would kill five people in its path. Our immediate, emotional reaction against pushing the man to his death is deontological; it follows the rule that killing, no matter the circumstances, is wrong.

The rational, consequentialist choice is to push the one man to save the five. But not all moral stimuli produce instinctive emotional responses -- Greene distinguishes between personal and impersonal moral dilemmas. The classic trolley problem is personal, but with a slight variation, sometimes called the "switch dilemma," it can become impersonal: Imagine you are deciding whether or not to flip a switch to divert the trolley from a track on which it will kill five men to a track where it will kill one. For many people, flipping a switch seems more acceptable than pushing a man, even if both actions have the same outcome.

Making consequentialist decisions in personal moral dilemmas takes longer, and Greene suggests this is because cognitive control has to override our immediate emotions, echoing Haidt's idea of a fast, intuitive system and a slower, analytic system. Splitting ideas on morality into dualities is not an invention of modern psychology, but a tradition that extends far into the history of philosophy. The dividing lines between deontologists, who focus on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, and consequentialists, who focus on the consequences of those actions, go beyond ethics to yet older divides between reason and emotion.

Psychologists are now testing the ideas of philosophers, and are beginning to uncover the role of emotions in moral decision making and the form of their interaction with reason. What Greene's dual process model suggests is that we are all both deontologists and consequentialists, interpreting the moral rules which deontology centers around in terms of automatic emotional responses. Rather than consistently taking one moral stance, most of us are greatly influenced by contextual factors like how personal a moral dilemma is, how difficult it is, and even by unrelated emotions.

What's becoming increasingly clear is that it's unproductive to think of morality in terms of strict dualities -- it's common to discuss emotion and intuition interchangeably, but while our intuitive responses are often emotional we think of intuitions as "feelings" , they may stem from reasoning that, for practical purposes, has been internalized.

Consider the following facts. The rational, consequentialist choice is to push the one Rules to be followed while writing an essay to save the five. This seems a clear Us history regents cold war essay in which preventing harm seems more important than Us history regents cold war essay the Of headless mice and men essay.