Case Study On Training Need Analysis

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Case Study On Training Need Analysis



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Training Needs Analysis

Case study method guide is provided to students which determine the aspects of problem needed to be considered while analyzing a case study. It is very important to have a thorough reading and understanding of guidelines provided. However, poor guide reading will lead to misunderstanding of case and failure of analyses. It is recommended to read guidelines before and after reading the case to understand what is asked and how the questions are to be answered. Therefore, in-depth understanding f case guidelines is very important. To have a complete understanding of the case, one should focus on case reading.

It is said that case should be read two times. Initially, fast reading without taking notes and underlines should be done. Initial reading is to get a rough idea of what information is provided for the analyses. Then, a very careful reading should be done at second time reading of the case. This time, highlighting the important point and mark the necessary information provided in the case. In addition, the quantitative data in case, and its relations with other quantitative or qualitative variables should be given more importance. Also, manipulating different data and combining with other information available will give a new insight.

However, all of the information provided is not reliable and relevant. When having a fast reading, following points should be noted:. When reading the case for second time, following points should be considered:. After reading the case and guidelines thoroughly, reader should go forward and start the analyses of the case. To make an appropriate case analyses, firstly, reader should mark the important problems that are happening in the organization. There may be multiple problems that can be faced by any organization.

Secondly, after identifying problems in the company, identify the most concerned and important problem that needed to be focused. Firstly, the introduction is written. After having a clear idea of what is defined in the case, we deliver it to the reader. It is better to start the introduction from any historical or social context. The challenging diagnosis for Training Needs Analysis and the management of information is needed to be provided. However, introduction should not be longer than lines in a paragraph. As the most important objective is to convey the most important message for to the reader.

After introduction, problem statement is defined. However, the problem should be concisely define in no more than a paragraph. After defining the problems and constraints, analysis of the case study is begin. SWOT analysis helps the business to identify its strengths and weaknesses, as well as understanding of opportunity that can be availed and the threat that the company is facing. In addition, it also identifies the weaknesses of the organization that will help to be eliminated and manage the threats that would catch the attention of the management. This strategy helps the company to make any strategy that would differentiate the company from competitors, so that the organization can compete successfully in the industry.

The strengths and weaknesses are obtained from internal organization. Whereas, the opportunities and threats are generally related from external environment of organization. Moreover, it is also called Internal-External Analysis. In the strengths, management should identify the following points exists in the organization:. Following points can be identified as a threat to company:. Following points should be considered when applying SWOT to the analysis:.

Pest analyses is a widely used tool to analyze the Political, Economic, Socio-cultural, Technological, Environmental and legal situations which can provide great and new opportunities to the company as well as these factors can also threat the company, to be dangerous in future. Pest analysis is very important and informative. It is used for the purpose of identifying business opportunities and advance threat warning. E-mail address: neelima. Elgamal, M. Whether fully recognized or not, all organizations, whatever their size, invest time and money developing their staff.

Whether it is training employees how to use a new piece of software, complete a form, give good customer service or write a professional letter, training is an essential part of every organizations management. Pic1: Indian Loco-pilots This paper is part of a research project that seeks to understand the nature of training needs analysis, and the impact of this has on improving organizational performance in the context of the Loco Pilots of Indian Railway. Literature review This section is a brief review of the literature on training and training needs analysis as following:- 2.

Training There is no one definition of training. The simplest definition of the training in the traditional training theory increase upward mobility within the organization, to adjust workers to the technological changes affecting the the skills, knowledge, and attitudes required to initially perform a job or task or improve upon the performance of performance and provides them the skills and knowledge required to do the job in a professional manner. It is well acknowledged that one of the most important steps in training development is conducting a training needs analysis.

This first step in training process focuses on the process of deciding who and what should be trained. A training needs analysis is primarily conducted to determine where training is needed, what needs to be taught, and who needs to be trained Goldstein There are a few terms that can be used to refer to the process of identification of training needs.

The most common terms are either training needs analysis TNA or training needs assessment. Although both terms are often used interchangeably and many writers regard them as similar, Kaufmann, R. Needs analysis, on the other hand, was the process adopted to investigate the reasons for the gaps. Holton, E. However, the researcher believes that both of these terms are closely related and designed to identify training needs within an organization, so the two terms may be used interchangeably in this research. Training needs analysis models Leigh, D. However, the TNA models have not seen significant changes over the past 30 to 40 years, in terms of theory as well as practice Goldstein, I.

Clarke, N. Organisational Analysis O The original purpose of organisational analysis as described by McGehee and Thayer was to provide information about where and when training was needed in an organisation. Task Analysis T A task analysis identifies the nature of the tasks to be performed on the job and the knowledge, skills, and abilities KSAs needed to perform these tasks. Person Analysis P Person analysis focuses on identifying who should be trained and what training is needed by individual.

Due to cultural and national differences, these findings might not reflect similar descriptions regarding TNA practiced in the India. So, in this study following objectives were considered: ent methods and techniques of identifying training needs in the three levels Individual, operational, organizational. Research Methodologies No single method for conducting research data can be termed as perfect, because each one has some limitations. It depends on the type of research plus the circumstances surrounding the research, primarily the prevailing culture and the willingness of the employees as well as the company to reveal the information which may be critical to the completion of the research.

Both qualitative and quantitative methodologies therefore will be used in order to minimize weaknesses and reach a deeper understanding of the area. This approach of integrating two o of one method by the use of another in order to cross-check the find when properly conducted, extremely val informants. The key informants will be the senior managers in the field of training and development and those who possess similar expertise.

Further, some of the informants will be chosen from the other departments to add depth to the data collected. Attributes The training need analysis of Loco Pilot of Indian Railways was made using three techniques which are considered one of the most representative techniques of training need analysis. The main objective of the study was to identify abilities, skills and personality traits that are crucial for the job of Loco Pilots.

Outcome of the Study in Designing Training Programme Effective training or development depends on knowing what is required - for the individual, for the department and for the organization as a whole. With limited budgets and the need for cost-effective solutions, all organizations need to ensure that the resources invested in training are targeted at areas where training and development is needed and a positive return on the investment is guaranteed. Some of the Loco Pilot enters into service as Traffic Apprentice, which is a supervisory cadre.

The prescribed qualification is Graduation for open market recruits and Matriculation for in-service selections. Directly recruited staffs are required to undergo days training which includes training in Transportation and on-line practical training but no specific training or refresher programme has been conducted. Conclusion over which wrecks their schedules, disrupts their home life, and makes social activities and regular breaks very hard to plan. This paper deals with the training needs of Indian are having very high importance on their total wellbeing and hence their productivity and entire growth and safety of an Indian railway. It also helps to analyse the factors that lead to a fatigue and stress, causing high probability of accident.

Training skills and knowledge required to do the job in a professional manner. A training needs analysis is primarily conducted to determine where training is needed, what needs to be taught, and who needs to be trained. To ensure the effectiveness of the training programme it is very much important to derived important categories for the training purpose. For this a survey questionnaire to provide quick, inexpensive, efficient and accurate means of assessing Information. Surveys should be quite flexible and properly conducted along with interviews which have been used in the study as key informants. Copyright All authors must sign the Transfer of Copyright agreement before the article can be published.

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