Importance Of Female Education In Pakistan Essay
Secondly, there has been a massive increase in the provision of religious education, ranging from Richard van de lagemaat essay madrasas to informal arrangements where children study the Quran in the house of a neighbor. Check on distinctive education:- Government should strictly check all private educational institutions Richard van de lagemaat essay keeping Use of clinical journals to enhance critical thinking balance of standards and level of practices. The women literacy is much more belittling as Essay on my parents for children three percent of the adult women cannot even read. An area that size needs five to ten schools. Education is Richard van de lagemaat essay right of both man and woman. Schools are more likely to be gender segregated as children get older, and there are fewer schools for girls than Use of clinical journals to enhance critical thinking boys. There What is SuccessMaker for students? exists an entire Use of clinical journals to enhance critical thinking of private tutoring, often providing additional help for children in school, but sometimes the last resort Richard van de lagemaat essay children unable to access schools. But there are few signs that it is triggering solutions.
CSS ESSAY: Education in Pakistan- Education system of Pakistan
It helped the man to make new and major technologies like as mobile communication where people touch to other. Television also is the example of education through which we know all real facts of world and make us up-to-date. Aero plane and helicopter is the technologies from which we travel from one place to another and overcome the difficulties in the traveling. Aero plane is the source of fast and time saving. This is the real facts of importance of education in Pakistan. Education is very helpful for us because it helped the man whom makes the atomic bomb to escape our enemy and make our civilian strong.
People are going to make new things like gun because it is very useful thing. I cannot explain the importance of education in Pakistan because every man and woman is struggling in the importance of education. Hello dears I know that education build the pillar of nation and we need to invest in this sector of social ladder. Education is the Transmission of Civilization…… Reply. She was told to come back later, but before she was supposed to return, the family moved again. Many families are too poor to afford even the costs associated with attending a government school, let alone paying for private education.
Poverty drives many families to put their children to work, which often keeps them out of school. Other girls are kept home to do housework. Families short on resources often decide to educate sons and not daughters. An insecure environment, where sexual harassment is a regular experience for many girls, fear of kidnapping and other crime is pervasive and well-founded, and conflict and attacks on education pose very real threats, prompts many parents to keep their girls home from school. Fear of violence and harassment may make what would otherwise be feasible walks to school seem too far.
By fifth grade, there are only four girls left. For many families, the most fundamental barrier to education is financial. I was working in a garment factory, so my daughter had to cook. But she felt overwhelmed by financial difficulties. Her husband works in a chewing gum factory. At the end of the month, we are always out [of money] and wonder what to do—it is all gone. I want a school for girls who belong to poor families.
Bad luck, failed crops, illness or a death can easily put education out of reach. Muskaan was in seventh grade when her father, a construction worker, fell from a mosque building site and died. Her mother struggles to support her seven daughters and three sons. An uncle helping the family financially refused to pay for the girls to study. As children get older, they are sometimes obliged to pay their own school fees if they wish to continue studying. Asima, 16, has an year-old brother who works full-time, pays his own school fees, and is in 12 th grade. Asima just completed 10 th grade and wants to become a doctor. Lack of future employment opportunities discourages some families from educating girls.
Many poor families move between urban and rural areas as a survival strategy. Families living in rural areas sometimes travel to the cities where work may be more plentiful. Families settled in the cities often return to the village where they have roots for weddings, funerals, and other visits. Noor said the frequent moves happened because the family wanted to live in the village but were repeatedly forced back to the city by lack of work in the village. Her father paints houses; in the city her mother finds work as a maid. Noor began school at ages 3, 10, and 13, but only reached second grade, because of disruption. At the age of 14, when the family moved to Karachi again, she gave up. Families living between two locations may be able to access schools in one place, but not the other.
Sheherbano is 15 and just finishing fifth grade. She was behind in her studies because she left school for several years when her family returned from Karachi to their village. Children switching schools are sometimes obliged to repeat grades. She completed first grade in Karachi, but when her family returned to the village had to redo first grade. This time Rania did not go back to school because the family viewed the stay as temporary and rent in Karachi was too high to leave money for education costs.
She hopes to attend second grade after the family returns to the village. Many children, girls and boys, are out of school because they are working. Sometimes they are engaged in paid work, which for girls often consists of home-based industries, such as sewing, embroidery, or assembling small items. Other children—almost always girls—are kept home to do housework in the family home. The pressure to take on housework drives many girls out of school, especially when their mother works outside of the home. Basooma has three siblings, two brothers and a younger sister. All her siblings studied, but Basooma was told she was needed for housework.
Their mother works as a maid. Often one girl in the family sees her education sacrificed to housework, while others study. When Nadia was 17 and in ninth grade, however, a death in the family prompted a visit to their village. While there, Sahar Gul liked the village school, and their parents agreed for her to stay with extended family and study. Left to do the housework alone back in Karachi, Nadia could no longer manage both that and studying.
Their parents sent Nadia to seamstress training, and she continued to do all the housework. Eldest daughters often bear the brunt of housework. Her younger siblings are all studying, and her older brother completed 10 th grade, but Rabia quit fourth grade. I have to take care of all the younger siblings and the house. When older daughters marry, the responsibility for housework often shifts from them to a younger sister, in turn pushing her out of school. Parween attended school from age 10 to 13, completing second grade before she was forced to drop out and take on household work after her three older sisters married at ages 17 or Parween described her daily routine of cleaning the house, washing clothes, and preparing meals for her parents and her two brothers.
Child labor remains widespread in Pakistan, though exact figures are hard to come by. The International Labour Organization cites estimates that almost 13 percent of children aged 10 to 14 years are in employment, rising to 33 percent among children ages 15 to Experts pointed to lack of effort by the government to end harmful child labor. If the government supported the family, then the child could go to school.
Home-based industries account for much child labor by girls. This labor is largely invisible and unregulated, as it takes place in private, is often itinerant, and has no fixed hours. The implementation of labor laws is very weak even in factories, and production is moving from bigger factories to smaller factories to home. More and more things are being made at home. The reasons for this include cost saving, but also avoiding labor rights laws. And it is mostly girls working at home with their mothers—this is very common. In some areas, boys are more vulnerable to missing education due to child labor than girls. For example, in a fishing community, an activist explained that more girls study than boys, because boys often join their fathers on fishing boats from age 12 or 13 or even younger, and long days offshore make it impossible to attend school regularly.
Some children manage to combine work and school. Barriers to accessing school, and concerns about the quality of schools, encourage poor parents to opt for children to work instead. Sometimes all the children in a family work. Azeeba, 11, does embroidery with her three sisters, ages 9, 12, and 15, and her brother, aged The children work 9 a. Efforts to make it easier for children who are working to study are few and poorly funded. Mahvish, 13, and three of her siblings studied for the first time three years earlier, when an NGO opened a school for working children in their area of Lahore providing all supplies for free plus free lunch. The family managed to allow them to stop working and focus on their studies.
The NGO had recently run out of money, however, and the school closed. Mahvish was back at work, with her year-old sister and brothers, ages 8 and Their mother makes necklaces with them and does embroidery, while their father irons laundry. Although there is a government school nearby, Mahvish says the children cannot study there. Girls with mothers employed as domestic workers often help. Tamana, 15, an oldest daughter, left school at 13, in ninth grade. My mother keeps telling me to go back to ninth grade, but I say no. My mother is alone, and she needs my help. A particularly abusive form of child labor in Pakistan is brickmaking. While the government has made some efforts in recent years to prohibit child labor in brick kilns, the extreme poverty of families employed in the industry and lack of enforcement of labor laws continues to put many children at risk.
He estimated that hundreds of thousands of children under the age of fourteen are making bricks in Punjab alone, where much of the industry is based, starting work as early as age four or five. Children grow up at the kilns, and often continue as adults. Teachers will treat them badly. Yasmina thinks she is about 32—she knows that she married at She shares a one-room hut owned by the brick company, about 9 by 15 feet, with her husband and their nine children, ages 15, 12, 11, 9, 8, 7, 5, 3, and 2.
Her eldest daughters, 15 and 12, are domestic workers, while the younger children stay at the kiln. But they clean the mud away, they pile the finished bricks. Some families do not believe that girls should study or believe that girls should not continue school beyond a certain age. Humaira, 17, studied for only one year and her four sisters are similarly uneducated. Humaira said they were prevented from attending school by their grandfather. Attitudes regarding how desirable or acceptable it is for girls to study, especially as they grow older, vary significantly across different communities in Pakistan, and there is a range of attitudes in every community.
In some areas, however, families violating cultural norms prohibiting girls from studying face pressure and hostility. Farkhunda, 40, and her husband are Afghan immigrants living in Peshawar. They have six daughters and two sons. She said that if the family had the means to pay for education, they would permit their daughters to study until age 10, but no further. For some families, their willingness to send girls to school, especially as they grow older, hinges at least in part of whether girls study separately from boys and are taught by female teachers.
Many schools are segregated by gender, through separate schools, separate shifts, or separate sections of the building. As students get older, schools are more likely to be segregated. Girls also face restrictions on their freedom of movement that undermine their access to education. Her mother brought her textbooks for ninth and 10 th grade, and she studied on her own, at home, so successfully that she took and passed the 10 th grade matric exam. Her father has now put an end to her studies. Some girls are permitted to study only within strict limits. Batool, 13, was the first girl in her family to study and completed fifth grade.
But when it was time for her to sit the exam for sixth grade, the exam center was at a different location than her primary school. Girls are often removed from school as they approach or reach puberty. Families taking girls out of school sometimes fear that girls will engage in romantic relationships. Azra, 40, a mother of 11 children, including seven daughters, said girls in her family are not permitted to study beyond fifth grade. They cost dowry and go to their in-laws. Parents think a boy should have land. Girls are also perceived as unlikely to find work, even if they are educated.
Some girls go to extraordinary lengths to seek education, over family objection. My mother and brother make up stories to send me out of the house. Now, however, several of her brothers are in their late teens, and they are becoming angry about their sisters studying and putting pressure on their parents to take the girls out of school. Restrictions on the movement of women and girls are sometimes so severe that when girls leave school they become essentially homebound.
Instead of studying, Azrah, 12, helped at home, including food shopping in the bazaar, but four months before Human Rights Watch interviewed her, she gave up that task. Some girls and parents called for more female teachers and more girls-only schools as a measure to make it possible for more girls to study. Yasmina, 13, said she left school three or four years earlier, when she was in third grade, after the school closed because there was no female teacher.
Lily, 45, lives in a poor area of Lahore. Her daughter was in her second year of university at the time of the interview. When she was younger she had to travel by rickshaw to a private school every day as there is no government school nearby. Child marriage is both a cause and a consequence of girls not attending school. In Pakistan, 21 percent of girls are married before age 18, and 3 percent marry before age Early marriage, in particular marrying younger than 18 can cause severe harm. Married children are more likely to leave school, live in poverty, and experience health problems. Girls who marry as children are more likely to experience domestic violence than women who marry later.
Girls are sometimes seen as ready for marriage as soon as they mature physically. Ayesha arranged for her daughters to be engaged, at the same time, to two brothers who are their relatives, when the girls were ages 17 and In some communities, child marriage is expected. Two of her three sisters married even younger. Aisha plans to get her year-old daughter Bushrah engaged soon. Aisha married as a teen herself; she is about 30 years old and has six children, ages two to Her oldest sons are now in ninth and seventh grade, but Bushrah left third grade when she was nine years old.
Aisha told Human Rights Watch that it is normal for girls to marry at about age 15 in the area where the family lives, and that if girls wait later it becomes difficult for them to marry. Early marriage is a reason for parents to prioritize educating sons. Some parents see child marriage as a chance to lighten their load. After Faiza arranged a marriage for her at age 15 or 16, her in-laws forced her to stop studying. Child marriage is sometimes seen as preventing girls from engaging in romantic or sexual relationships outside marriage. In my area there is a government college. Girls often have little or no say in the timing of their marriage, or the choice of spouse.
Tamima, age 14, has been engaged to a cousin since she was 12; her mother is planning the wedding for when she is What does she know? All five fingers are not equal. Dinah was engaged at age 15 and married at age She grew up in a compound where seven related families lived. My mother and grandmother wanted it. We have no decision power—neither girls nor boys. Staying in school longer can protect girls from marrying young. Zarmina, 20, married at 16, and has two children.
She said she would have married later had she not been forced out of school when her father became blind and could not work. Some in-laws prefer a young daughter-in-law. Three years later, Ayesha fled back to her parents. After leaving her husband, she at last found a way to study, in a madrasa, studying the Quran and Urdu. After marriage, girls often leave school. Some future in-laws agree to allow girls to continue studying, but such promises are often broken.
She had completed 10th grade when she married. Kanwal, 24, had just taken her tenth-grade exam and was about 16 years old when her parents married her to her cousin. She agreed to marry because her parents and in-laws promised that she could continue studying. She argued with them, but to no avail. She said her husband gambles and rarely works, leaving her financially dependent on her parents. He also began beating her as soon as they married, and one beating was so severe that she was hospitalized for brain damage. I could work in a bank…. Boys are also sometimes forced into child marriage. Layla, 50, said her oldest son drowned six months after marrying, when he and his wife were in their early 20s.
Her third son was 15 or 16 years old at the time and had recently left school. After marrying, the couple had five daughters, ages three to 14 at the time of the interview, none of whom study because their father is unemployed due to substance abuse. It is common in many communities for there to be a payment from one family to the other at the time of a marriage. The cost of a dowry or bride price is often a crippling expense for poor families already struggling to get by. Zunaisha, 35, a mother of nine, married at age Her older daughters were 16 and 15 years old when Human Rights Watch interviewed Zunaisha and were not engaged or married.
Zunaisha hopes to delay their marriages until they are I got stuck and I drowned. Many families and girls cited security problems as barriers to girls studying, including sexual harassment, kidnapping, crime, conflict, and attacks on education. Insecurity has a disproportionate impact on girls because girls are often targeted and parents are often less willing to have girls leave the home or make long journeys to school in insecure conditions than boys. Some parents and children said insecurity in their communities had worsened in recent years, meaning younger children had less access to education than their older siblings.
There is drug addiction and alcoholism and then when your daughter steps out boys will whistle at her. Families worry about terrorist attacks, but they also worry about busy roads, and the long distance many girls must travel to school can increase risks. Hafsa, 16, thinks she was five or six years old on the day she fell into an open sewage ditch on her way to her school which was an hour-long walk away. That was her last day of school.
Many years later I regretted leaving, but I was too old to start all over. Many parts of Pakistan are facing escalating levels of violence related to insurgency, and ethnic and religious conflict. Fawzia, 34, in Peshawar, is a mother of four girls and one boy. She said she is afraid for her children when they go to school. From the time the child steps out of the house till they return home, the fear is persistent.
Parveen sends four of her daughters to a madrasa to study, because it is more affordable than schools. She said there were two bomb blasts near the madrasa three or four years earlier, but no one was killed or injured. Insecurity has long-term consequences. The worst of the violence took place about 10 years earlier, but after missing school during that period, the children were never able to go to school. Layla, 50, said the government school near her home closed permanently after 10 to 12 bodies were found there during ethnic conflict in the neighborhood in Layla said ethnic tensions have eased, but the area remains insecure, especially for women. A teacher in Balochistan said that many of her students manage to finish high school, but to continue to university they must travel through areas seen as unsafe for people from their ethnic group, which deters many from continuing.
Ethnic conflict often spills into schools. Basma, 12, was moved by her parents from government school to private school, even though they struggled to afford private fees, in part because of fighting in the government school between Hindu and Muslim students. One aspect of insecurity in Pakistan has been targeted attacks against students, teachers, and schools. The Army Public School attack had ripple effects as many parents became more concerned about security. Abda, 51, lives with her husband, four of her six children, two daughters-in-law and five grandchildren, in Peshawar.
She said that after the Army Public School attack, the children in the family were afraid to go to school and her husband wanted to take all the children out of school for safety reasons, but Abda insisted on keeping them in school. Zunaisha, 35, a mother of nine in Peshawar said when she discussed the possibility of several daughters going to school they said they were afraid of bomb blasts. At the time of the interview, all her children were out of education or studying in a madrasa. Naira worries about her teenage daughter, a college student in Quetta. Naira described their lives in Quetta as being like a prison, saying targeted attacks against members of the Hazara community are so pervasive that girls from other ethnic groups sometimes beg Hazara girls not travel with them or stand close to them on public transportation.
An activist in Balochistan said he believed driving Hazara students out of education was an objective for sectarian groups. Now there are only a handful of [Hazara] children who go to Balochistan University. This was a concentrated campaign to keep us down. I went to an army school, and I felt safe because no one could go inside without a CNIC [national identification card].
There was a checkpoint. After the Army Public School attack, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announced a point National Action Plan to address the threat from terrorism, but none of the 20 points pertained to protection of educational institutions. This has sometimes led to increased hardship and chaos. Some schools organized traumatic security drills, while others armed teachers and students. Many girls encountered sexual harassment on the way to school. When you walk out, the boys stare at you and tease you…. When it closed due to lack of funds two years later, her education was over. She was not allowed to go to the nearby government school as men are gambling in that area. Some girls said men and boys harass them outside their school. They speak crudely, curse, sometimes they throw stones at you.
I took my cousin to school once, and this man started cursing me. This is just how it is in Quetta—it happens to all girls. When the distance to school is long, it intensifies fears of sexual harassment. They bother you. Sidra was 13 and in fifth grade when her family returned from Karachi to Quetta. Sometimes they hurl abusive words at you—bad words. Since then no one bothered my female students in this street. Before boys used to hang out in this street. Other said police demonstrate little willingness to intervene to try to end harassment of girls. We complained to the police, but he paid them off.
Girls face security risks on the way to school, but they also, too often, face insecurity at school. Interviewees described this as primarily a problem at government schools; private schools have a greater incentive to fix any conditions that could lead to them losing students. Insecurity for girls often takes the form of sexual harassment by male students. She left government school at around age 11 and missed several years of school before her mother managed to pay for private school. She still lives near the government school, and says over the intervening years, it became worse. Napoleon once said about the need for great society:. If the women of my country are not educated, about half the people will be ignorant.
It is the mother who is the first teacher of the child. If she no light, how can she light the child lamp. Women play four major and basic role in the society are daughter sister wife and mother that is why there are many Importance of Female Education in Pakistan. An educated mother brings up their children more effectively and efficiently than uneducated mother. That nation will be successful when their society is full of educated mothers. Education is the right of both man and woman. After a lot of efforts, education is far away from the education in Pakistan.
The literacy rate of women in developing countries like Pakistan is far below than average.Although private school teachers are under pressure not to drive students away, due What are a few batman games from Legos DC Comics Super Heroes line? financial interests of their employers, private schools also use Importance of female education in pakistan essay punishment. It increases the productivity and What are some tips for finding homes for rent in Maui? of individuals, and it produces a skilled labor force that is capable of leading the economy Importance of female education in pakistan essay sustainable growth and prosperity. It translates into social and economic dependency of women on men. Our Islam says very strongly that every man and woman get education. This attack was far from Use of clinical journals to enhance critical thinking, however.