Essay On Justice And Injustice

Monday, January 17, 2022 3:22:23 PM

Essay On Justice And Injustice

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We need to talk about an injustice - Bryan Stevenson

Although Socrates returns time and again to the concept of justice in his discourse on the perfect city-state, much of it seems off the original subject. One of his main points, however, is that goodness is doing what is best for the common, greater good rather than for individual happiness. There is a real sense in which his philosophy turns on the concepts of virtue, and his belief that ultimately virtue is its own reward.

His first major point is that justice is an excellence of character. He then seeks agreement that no excellence is achieved through destructive means. The function of justice is to improve human nature, which is inherently constructive. Justice, in short, is a virtue, a human excellence. His next point is that acting in accordance with excellence brings happiness. His examples are those of the senses — each sensory organ is excellent if it performs its function, as the eye sees, the ear hears. Therefore, the just person is a happy person is a person who performs his function.

Since these are tied together, injustice can never exceed these virtues and so justice is stronger and is the good. However, Socrates does not stop there. He goes on to examine the question of the nature of justice and the just life. He identifies the four of the Athenian virtues: wisdom, courage, moderation, and justice. For the bulk of the book, he looks at each virtue separately in terms of the perfect city state, but our focus is on justice. Thus, it is an excellence in social organization and in the organization of the human soul. So justice is a virtue which must be connected to the function of efficient and healthful cooperation. Justice is in one sense the greatest virtue for it is key to making the other virtues work together for the common good.

If all the parts are to work together as a whole, each must have on function to excel at. Like the organs of the body, all contribute to the whole, but the eyes only see, the ears only hear. They do not share functions. Using this analogy, justice would be something like the moral mind which guides the body in its activities. Justice, then is the head, at the top of the hierarchy in social terms. When the other three virtues work together in orderly fashion within the state, justice is produced.

But for justice to be produced, it must come from everyone doing his assigned function under the excellent guidance of the ruling class. Despite his emphasis of justice as a function of the perfect state, Socrates also deals with justice as a personal virtue. He finds that there is a parallel between the organization of the state and the organization of the individual. This man was incriminated just like Ernest Thomas and had an unfair trial.

Not only were both cases full of inaccuracies and had dubious evidence, but the jury consisted of only white members. Since the courtroom is the only place in Maycomb that should be equal, the jury should at least have several black people so the decision is unbiased. In the American society, injustice is still visible in many ways just as Tom Robinson and Ernest Thomas have experienced. After his arrest for stabbing his father in the knee with scissors, untrue and biased rumors were spread and he was never seen again. By staying inside, he is only protecting himself from the outside world that's full of racism, injustice, and prejudice. All Arthur has ever done for anyone has helped them in countless ways. He should not be responsible for every evil or criminal deed that occurs in the town because of one tiny flaw.

People judge him all the time before they get to know him. Many false allegations were made against Arthur. When peoples azaleas froze in a cold snap, it was because he had breathed on them. Arthur is deeply affected by this because he has not been seen outside of his house since he was a teenager; although, he was reluctant, he did come out a couple of times and that was to help people in need or great danger. So, not only do people think poorly of him, but his physical appearance is causing him to look ghostly white due to lack of sun exposure. This man is being punished by a society that is very judgmental. These injustices still exist in the world today in many forms such as African Americans and Immigrants are treated differently by law enforcement or transgender not having the same rights as heterosexuals.

Overall, Tom Robinson and Arthur Radley have dealt with injustice and prejudice in ways that American society continues to struggle with today. Prejudice and injustice could have profound consequences on those treated unfairly. Targeted people may become withdrawn from society and never reach their potential. Understanding how the situations impact the characters can lead people to a better understanding of the results of these actions. The same problem they faced back then are still present today.

By seeing things through the eyes of another, people should gain Essay on justice and injustice and compassion towards others. Law Justice Punishment. Retributive Justice System. Socrates goes Does the American Backflow Prevention Association have a certification program? to use an analogy of the sun Essay on justice and injustice explain the highest Citing works in research paper of knowledge, Goodness.