Reversing The Brain Drain Essay
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IELTS Essay about brain drain
Recent economic growths in the developing nations have contributed to the reverse brain drain. Nations that are attractive to the returning elites develop various migration policies that attract foreign executives, professionals, and academics. Some developing countries have developed a working environment with rewarding opportunities for individuals with skills and knowledge from overseas. Difficulty in getting long-term working visas has forced a huge number of foreigners to go back home. Reverse brain drain takes place in nations that have suffered from brain drain. The governments of these countries use various methods to reverse brain drain including implementing new government policies, scholarships, and contracts among others.
The three ways of implementing reverse brain drain adopted by multiple governments include encouraging students to study abroad, retaining their students, and engaging with the diasporas. Engaging with their nationals living overseas has resulted in the diasporas acting as a bridge for foreign trades and investments while facilitating the transfer of knowledge.
Some of the countries to benefit from reverse brain drain include:. Salman Khurshid, the former Indian Minority and Corporate affairs minister, explained a new type of reverse brain drain occurring in India. Salman revealed that a vast number of second-generation Indians are returning to India. A new study shows that catching Epstein-Barr virus EBV increases the probability of developing multiple sclerosis — which could mean we can vaccinate against it. I accept. Global Agenda Health and Healthcare How to reverse the medical brain drain. To reverse this trend, we must allow medical students to train in world-class clinical settings.
Richard Olds ,. Take action on UpLink. Forum in focus. Read more about this project. Explore context. Explore the latest strategic trends, research and analysis. Image: AAMC. License and Republishing. Written by. More on Health and Healthcare View all. Charlotte Edmond 21 Jan We now know a major cause of multiple sclerosis. Can we eradicate it? This provides a reason for governments to issue new legislation and tax rules that encourage outward migration and remittances. However, "brain circulation" is known as the extended definition of brain gain with an emphasis on human capital circulation across nations in the global market, benefiting both the sending and receiving nations; in addition it is considered a two-way flow of skill, capital, and technology, unlike brain drain and reverse brain drain.
Recently there is a different type of reverse brain drain developing. This form of reverse brain drain differs from the way it is commonly viewed. He states that "Many second-generation Indians are coming back to the country". Many of the world's top multinational companies are beginning to send their top Indian minds to head their companies in India and have the idea of reverse brain drain which is, "So when we lose some, we win many back. The countries where reverse brain drain occurs are developing countries , or are countries who have suffered a significant impact from the 'brain drain' from developed countries.
Governments have attempted to reverse the flow of brain drain through implementing new contracts, scholarships, government policies, and several other methods. Three methods of implementing and enhancing reverse brain drain are through governments retaining their students, encouraging students to pursue tertiary studies abroad and promoting them to return, and engaging with the diasporas which will encourage expatriates to remit savings, act as bridges for foreign investment and trade, and facilitate the transfer of skills and knowledge.
China has generally been seen as a developing country, and they have been impacted by brain drain through the migration of their talented minds to the developed world. What has assisted China in the flow of return migration are central government policies. These policies are changes in the domestic environment, the freedom to immigrate and emigrate freely, political stability, and changes in how the government uses people. In addition, competition among universities, research laboratories and enterprises has given the returning intellectual elites excellent incentives.
For example, in the new life science school at Beijing's Tsinghua University, they were able to recruit many Chinese scientists who were previously in more developed countries like the United States due to China's booming economy, large government investment in research, and the chance to build a science program from the ground up. Besides the government policies and economic reasons for returning to China, certain family factors influenced the decision to return, some of the reasons where parental views about returning, concerns for children, and the attitude of one's spouse about returning.
India is one of the first countries where the phenomenon of reverse brain drain occurred. Previously, India was well known for being the country where numerous information technology students left for America for a better education and greater employment opportunities. The turning point was during the dot-com bubble. During this period many information technology experts were forced to return to India due to the slump and the loss of jobs in the United States.
Previously, the Indian Government was unhappy of the occurrence of brain drain. Tens of thousands of migrants who had initially come to the U. Besides the dot-com bubble crisis, the economic and employment opportunities that existed back home; interested many Indian entrepreneurs to improve the economic development in the home country, which increased the number of returning intelligentsias to India. Although many have returned, more have stayed. In a article The Seattle Times estimates that half of the software developers in Seattle are born overseas. Although there are claims of a shortage as the reason for the H1Bs, the total number of software developers in the US has remained fairly flat, growing at an average rate of only two to four percent, and many suspect that this brain drain is championed by the US's government as an intentional brain drain from India to the US.
The Government of Nepal 's Ministry of Foreign Affairs opened a Brain Gain Center in May , with the explicit purposes of identifying successful Nepali diaspora experts and professionals around the world, promoting their expertise within the government, facilitating the connections between government officials and them. In wake of the September 11 attacks and the financial crisis of —, a large number of expatriates forming the Pakistani diaspora throughout North America, and even Europe, began to return to Pakistan. Many of these returning expatriates tended to have excellent credentials and due to their professional and cultural background were able to easily assimilate and find new job opportunities in the country — contributing to an overall "reverse brain drain" effect.
One notable example is the media boom in Pakistan which inspired and prompted many overseas Pakistanis working in the field of journalism to return to the country and take up readily available positions in the country's largest press groups and channels. South Korea's reverse brain drain was different from the social phenomenon because it was based on an organized government effort with various policies and the political support of President Park Chung Hee. The main features of Korea's Reverse Brain Drain policies were the creation of a conducive domestic environment, and the empowerment of returnees.BBC News. Developing countries, especially South Asia, are now the main source of What features should a PC gamer look for in a gaming desk and chair? migration to developed countries. Someone do my homework do my homework analysis essay writer website uk counseling business plan sample drain Reversing What features should a PC gamer look for in a gaming desk and chair? essay the, topics Reversing the brain drain essay writing a paper. The remittances of migrant Tongan and Samoan nurses Someone do my homework do my homework Australia. Essay questions on edmund burke brain drain takes place in nations that have suffered from brain drain.