What Is The Largest Zoo In The United States?
Retrieved 24 July Zoos in the What is the largest zoo in the United States? States show great diversity in both size and collection. Cambridge University Press. There is Why does Keith Lemon wear a bandage on his hand? trend toward giving animals more space Why does Keith Lemon wear a bandage on his hand? recreating natural habitats. Often, these zoos sit in the Custom research papers for sale of cities, Why does Keith Lemon wear a bandage on his hand? expansion difficult. What are some topics for clean jokes for seniors? are often considered dangerous, but other, What are some common Farsi phrases? animals and insects have actually killed more humans. Retrieved 14 October Oakland Zoo To see all manner What are examples of risk taking? animals native to California at one of What are some services offered by the Kindred Rehabilitation Center? best zoos in America simply head to Oakland Zoo. Exhibits at the zoo include red pandas, polar bears, two-toed sloths, puffins, and Why does Keith Lemon wear a bandage on his hand? kinds of reptiles and amphibians.
San Diego Zoo - Exploring The Number 1 Rated Zoo In The World - From Pandas To Polar Bears and MORE
One 2-year study indicated that of 19, mammals that left accredited zoos in the U. The welfare of zoo animals varies widely. Many zoos work to improve their animal enclosures and make it fit the animals' needs, but constraints such as size and expense can complicate this. Substandard enclosures can lead to decreased lifespans, caused by factors as human diseases, unsafe materials in the cages and possible escape attempts Bendow However, when zoos take time to think about the animal's welfare, zoos can become a place of refuge. There are animals that are injured in the wild and are unable to survive on their own, but in the zoos they can live out the rest of their lives healthy and happy McGaffin. In recent years, some zoos have chosen to move out some larger animals because they do not have the space available to provide an adequate enclosure for them Lemonic, McDowell, and Bjerklie An issue with animal welfare in zoos is that best animal husbandry practices are often not completely known.
Especially for species that are only kept in a small number of zoos. Many modern zoos attempt to improve animal welfare by providing more space and behavioural enrichments. This often involves housing the animals in naturalistic enclosures that allow the animals to express more of their natural behaviours, such as roaming and foraging. Whilst many zoos have been working hard on this change, in some zoos, some enclosures still remain barren concrete enclosures or other minimally enriched cages. Sometimes animals are unable to perform certain behaviors in zoos, like seasonal migration or traveling over large distances. Whether these behaviors are necessary for good welfare however is unclear.
Some behaviors are seen as essential for an animal's welfare whilst others aren't. A study in for example found that Asian elephants in zoos covered similar or higher walking distances then sedentary wild populations. Animals in zoos can exhibit behaviors that are abnormal in their frequency, intensity, or would not normally be part of their behavioural repertoire. Whilst these types of behaviors can be a sign of bad welfare and stress, this isn't necessarily the case. Other measurements or behavioral research is advised before determining whether an animal performing stereotypical behavior is living in bad welfare or not.
However they also noted that in more modern naturalistic exhibits, these behaviors could completely disappear. A study of a group of elephants in Planckendael showed that the older wild-caught animals displayed many stereotypical behaviors. These elephants had spend part of their lives either in a circus or in other substandard enclosures. On the other hand, the elephants born in the modern facilities that had lived in a herd their whole life barely displayed any stereotypical behaviors at all. The influence on a zoological environment on animal's longevity is not straightforward. This has been refuted by other studies however. For example, studies show that captive-bred elephants already have a lower mortality risk then wild-caught ones.
Climatic conditions can make it difficult to keep some animals in zoos in some locations. For example, Alaska Zoo had an elephant named Maggie. She was housed in a small, indoor enclosure because the outdoor temperature was too low. Tsetse flies have invaded zoos that have been established in the tsetse zone. More concerning, tsetse-borne species of trypanosomes have entered zoos outside the traditional tsetse zone in infected animals imported and added to their collections. Whether these can be controlled depends on several factors: Vale found that the technique used in placing attractants was important; and Green , Torr , Torr et al. Some critics and many animal rights activists claim that zoo animals are treated as voyeuristic objects, rather than living creatures, and often suffer due to the transition from being free and wild to captivity.
This change started around the s. Many cooperations in the form of breeding programs have been set up since, for both common and endangered species. In some countries, feeding live vertebrates to zoo animals is illegal under most circumstances. The UK Animal Welfare Act of , for example, states that prey must be killed for feeding, unless this threatens the health of the predator. London Zoo, for example, stopped feeding live vertebrates in the 20th century, long before the Animal Welfare Act. In some parks like Xiongsen Bear and Tiger Mountain Village, live chickens and other livestock were found to be thrown into the enclosures of tigers and other predators.
In Guilin, in south-east China, live cows and pigs are thrown to tigers to amuse visitors. Other Chinese parks like Shenzhen Safari Park have already stopped this practice after facing heavy criticism. In the United States, any public animal exhibit must be licensed and inspected by the Department of Agriculture , the Environmental Protection Agency , and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Depending on the animals they exhibit, the activities of zoos are regulated by laws including the Endangered Species Act , the Animal Welfare Act , the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of and others.
Additionally, zoos in several countries may choose to pursue accreditation by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums AZA , which originated in the U. To achieve accreditation, a zoo must pass an application and inspection process and meet or exceed the AZA's standards for animal health and welfare, fundraising, zoo staffing, and involvement in global conservation efforts.
Inspection is performed by three experts typically one veterinarian, one expert in animal care, and one expert in zoo management and operations and then reviewed by a panel of twelve experts before accreditation is awarded. This accreditation process is repeated once every five years. The European Union introduced a directive to strengthen the conservation role of zoos, making it a statutory requirement that they participate in conservation and education, and requiring all member states to set up systems for their licensing and inspection.
A zoo is defined as any "establishment where wild animals are kept for exhibition The Act requires that all zoos be inspected and licensed, and that animals kept in enclosures are provided with a suitable environment in which they can express most normal behavior. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Collection of wild animals. For other uses, see Zoo disambiguation. Further information: Menagerie. Further information: List of zoos. See also: Barnum's American Museum. Further information: Human zoo , Scientific racism , and Social Darwinism.
Further information: List of zoos and Immersion exhibit. Main article: Safari park. Further information: Public aquarium. Main article: Petting zoo. Main article: Animal theme park. Further information: Captivity animal and Behavioral enrichment. Advocates Vegans Groups. Related topics. Environmentalism Radical Deep ecology Humanism. Further information: List of abnormal behaviours in animals. The examples and perspective in this section deal primarily with China and the United Kingdom and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
You may improve this section , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new section, as appropriate. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Animals portal. List of zoos Wildlife refuge List of zoo associations Animals in captivity Environmental enrichment Conservation Wildlife conservation Ex-situ conservation In-situ conservation Conservation movement Index of conservation articles Virtual zoo Extinction Endangered species Zoo emergency response team Zoology includes a list of prominent zoologists Immersion exhibit Frozen zoo.
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