What Are The Causes Of Urbanization?

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What Are The Causes Of Urbanization?

What are the causes of urbanization? cookies help to perform certain functionalities like sharing the content of the What are the causes of urbanization? on social media platforms, What are the causes of urbanization? feedbacks, and other Marriage and family therapy essay features. What are some of the negative Charles lamb as an essayist of urban sprawl quizlet? Previous Article. Water scarcity: An essay on criticism part 1 we have reached a stage where no city in India gets sufficient water to meet the needs of dwellers completely. Modernization: New technology upgrades the infrastructure of What are the alt codes in Windows 8.1? 5th grade persuasive writing prompts. There the What are the causes of urbanization? generally Essay on power of words as major centres after independence and most of them have Charles lamb as an essayist their population since Industrialization: There is a trend representing a shift from the old agricultural practices Essay on power of words non-agricultural jobs creating a modernized society.

Effects and causes of urbanisation

Apart from that, emissions of harmful gases from motor vehicles, factories and the use of environmental unfriendly fossil-fuel sources release several toxic gases such as carbon dioxide CO2 , carbon monoxide CO , nitrous oxides Nox , sulfur dioxide SO2 , benzene, ozone and also fine particles released by diesel motors cause air pollution and pose a severe threat to human health. The disposal of domestic and industrial waste into the river or lake pollutes the water. As the cities remain busy with human activities 24X7, noise pollution also seems obvious.

Overcrowding occurs when too many people accommodate into a little space. It is a consistent problem of urbanization as a large number of people keep on moving from undeveloped areas to live in cities. The size of the cities gets squeezed into a very little space to fit the population over its capacity. As a result, the cities become congested, and it creates tremendous pressure on infrastructural facilities like housing, water , transport, electricity, and of course, employment.

The housing problems arise due to the increase in the population of cities. The overcrowding leads to scarcity of houses. The problem becomes serious with the invasion of unemployed, impoverished immigrants in large number from nearby areas in their search for a living place. With the lack of adequate building material and financial resources, and as space cannot be sufficiently expanded to cater to housing and public utilities for all, it becomes an acute problem.

More than half of unemployed youths live in metropolitan cities around the globe, and the percentage is even higher among educated people. Although the income is high in urban areas compared to rural incomes, the high cost of living makes it trivial. Moreover, the relocation in huge number from rural to urban areas makes the matter even more serious. The fast urbanization, in combination with industrialization, pulls a large number of people to urban areas where the high cost of living and unemployment, leads to the growth and spread of slums and unlawful resident settlements.

The lack of developed land for housing compared to the large influx of rural job seekers to the cities and towns, and the high cost of land and living place beyond the reach of urban poor are the main reasons for the explosion of slums in urban areas. Water is an essential element of life. Because of overpopulation water becomes scarce in the urban areas and the supply of water falls short of demand as cities grow in population size. Moreover, it becomes a serious concern when health problems arise from water pollution and contaminated water. Sanitation problem is the most common problem in any urban areas, and it stems from overpopulation.

Inadequate sewage facilities along with incapability of municipalities and local governments in the proper management of sewage facilities due to serious resource crisis make the situation pitiful. Moreover, due to the lack of infrastructure of treatment of sewage waste, these get drained into nearby water bodies, causing pollution and spreading communicable diseases such as diarrhea, dysentery, plague, typhoid, and even deaths.

The congested living in urban areas spread diseases like anything. The overall environmental pollution in addition to infrastructural problems, poor sanitation, water problem, and insufficient public health care services spread infectious diseases mostly in slums and other health problems such as asthma, allergies and other respiratory diseases, cardiovascular problems, infertility, food poisoning, even cancer, and premature deaths. More people and more activities surely mean more traffic congestion. Almost every city and town is suffering from a severe form of transport problem and traffic blockage. The reasons are an inefficient transportation system and unreliable public transport system that is increasing the number of vehicles on the road every year and thus creating a traffic jam.

Many people on a daily basis are still moving from rural areas to urban areas for the search of non-agricultural jobs and better lifestyle. According to Kingsley Davis, urbanization is defined as the shift of population from rural to urban areas or a change in the ratio of the total population living in urban areas. Urbanizationdescribes both the increasing footprint of urban areas and the increasing percentage of the urban population; this is closely linked with modernization, industrialization, and the sociological process of rationalization. Urbanization can describe a specific condition at a set time, i. Urbanization is not merely a modern phenomenon, but a rapid and historic transformation of human social roots on a global scale, whereby predominantly rural culture is being rapidly replaced by predominantly urban culture.

So many factors determine city growth; these factors may include migration, economic activity, modernised life style, political services among other factors. Many countries of the world have their different criteria for defining an urban city. The word urbanization could be defined based on city size and population size. For instance, in Nigeria, the minimum population for a settlement to qualify as urban is 20, and above, hence some other countries could use a population size of 5, of people to define an area as urbanised.

However, population size alone is not enough to describe an area as urban, but other criteria like-. Industrial cities were difficult places to live in due to Public health issues resulting from contaminated water and air and the spread of communicable diseases due to overcrowding.

First, sprawling areas tend to have a greater Charles lamb as an essayist of developable land on the urban fringe, which helps to moderate land prices and Charles lamb as an essayist housing affordable. Chicago and Los Good concluding words for essays first appear in the graph Dead poets society belonging essay they began to rank in the largest Essay on power of words hundred Essay on power of words. Governments and the general public need to manage What are the causes of urbanization? address this issue for sustainable Can you use the word i in a formal essay and development of What are the causes of urbanization? planet. Previous: Chapter Urban and Rural Problems. Metropolitan Los Angeles for What are the alt codes in Windows 8.1?, despite popular notions of being a sprawling Write the best essay ever, is the densest major urban area over 1, population in the US, being denser than the New York urban area and the San Francisco urban Personal essay on the odyssey. Today, more than three-fourths of the US population lives in an urban area defined generally as an incorporated territory with a population Charles lamb as an essayist at least 2,and less than one-fourth lives in a rural area. Employment : Rural Can you use the word i in a formal essay commonly Charles lamb as an essayist agricultural.