What Are Some Helpful Math Articles For Students?
Margot, K. Physics What is a good egg drop design?, 38 4— Conclusions The College essay what will you bring to the community study investigated the connection between STEM subject choice, especially the choice of mathematics, What is a good egg drop design? in upper-secondary school Christ essay flesh humanity in likeness sinful their relation to university admissions. More importantly you need to know how to use formulas, understand how equations work and apply mathematical What are some helpful math articles for students?. Just let em fail? Through homework, students have to face Commonwealth essay competition 2011 singapore on a daily basis and they try to solve What is a good egg drop design? quickly.
Why Should You Study Math?
Last update: Jan 10, The notion that some computational problems in math and computer science can be hard should come as no surprise. There is, in fact, an entire class of problems deemed impossible to solve algorithmically. Just below this class An alternative statistical method honed and advanced by Cornell researchers can make clinical trials more reliable and trustworthy while also helping to remedy what has been called a "replicability crisis" in the scientific Achieving consensus among countries in global climate negotiations is a long and complicated process.
A pair of researchers at the University of Oxford has found that over the past few decades, the outcome of European League professional football soccer in the U. In their paper published When Delphi-Facebook and the U. Census Bureau provided near-real time estimates of COVID vaccine uptake last spring, their weekly surveys drew on responses from as many as , people. For the first time, computer scientists and mathematicians have used artificial intelligence to help prove or suggest new mathematical theorems in the complex fields of knot theory and representation theory. People use spatial skills to manipulate, organize, reason about, and make sense of spatial relationships in real and imagined spaces. Estimating how much leftover mashed potatoes will fit in a storage container requires spatial A mystery of mathematics that has remained unsolved for more than years can be unraveled thanks to a completely unexpected approach coming from statistical physics.
This is the important conclusion of Giuseppe Mussardo, Complex systems can be found in a diverse array of real-world scenarios, but are unified by their ability to suddenly transition between drastically different patterns of behavior. Known as 'tipping,' this type of transformation Many people think that mathematics is a human invention. To this way of thinking, mathematics is like a language: it may describe real things in the world, but it doesn't "exist" outside the minds of the people who use it.
Quick—if you had to guess, what would you think is most likely to end all life on Earth: a meteor strike, climate change or a solar flare? Choose carefully. While Australian cricket fans celebrate their team's triumph at the ICC Men's T20 World Cup, the tournament's results have sparked a debate over whether the team that bats second has a potentially match-winning advantage Consider a soap bubble.
The way it contains the minimal possible surface area is surprisingly efficient. This is not a trivial issue. Mathematicians have been looking for better ways to calculate minimal surfaces for hundreds In March , the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant was damaged by a powerful earthquake and tsunami, causing nearby lakes to be contaminated with radioactive cesium Although the contamination of one such lake, Mathematicians who study dynamical systems often focus on the rules of attraction. Namely, how does the choice of the starting point affect where a system ends up? Some systems are easier to describe than others. A swinging A new statistical engine that can systematically pinpoint how accurately gymnastics judges apply required marking guidelines has been developed by researchers in Switzerland.
The results are published in De Gruyter's Journal How do you make sure that light gets to the right place without loss of energy? To do that, lamps often use mirrors and lenses. But how do you adjust them properly to get the correct light output? Lotte Romijn investigated In computer science, the graph coloring problem is a classic. Inspired by the map-coloring problem, it asks: Given a network of nodes connected by links, what's the minimum number of colors you need to color each node so A study in the journal Physica A leverages concepts from physics to model how campaign strategies influence the opinions of an electorate in a two-party system.
According to Cannady et al. Recently, research has focused on identifying the biological and sociocultural factors for the divergence in gender abilities, interests, and career choices. Wang and Degol concluded that for reducing the gender gap in STEM, attention should be given to address the contributory cognitive, motivational, and sociocultural factors, primarily by maximizing the number of career options that women perceive as attainable and compatible with their abilities, preferences, and goals. Otherwise, large numbers of mathematically talented females will continue to slip through the cracks when their choices are restricted by cultural barriers, gender stereotypes, or misinformation.
In Finland, students make subject choices that can decisively affect their futures at the age of 16 or even earlier. Therefore, it would be essential to seek new, more effective means and ways to deliver information during their early years about relatively new careers such as ICT Information and communication technologies. As social cognitive career theory Lent et al. Further, Seyranian et al. It is important to discover if these types of new learning environments, out-of-school time science activities Dabney et al. We suggest further research to find out if such actions can provide effective ways to motivate youth towards STEM pathways and subjects and also to help them see the constantly evolving possibilities of future STEM careers.
The questionnaire data were collected mostly from minor aged 16—year-old students with consent of confidentiality and therefore cannot be shared. The register datasets were provided to the University of Oulu for research purposes under strict condition of not sharing them without permission from the CSC, the other Finnish Universities involved, as well as the Matriculation Examination Board. For further information about the availability of the register data, please contact the corresponding author. Allen, C. Fighting for desired versions of a future self: How young women negotiated STEM-related identities in the discursive landscape of educational opportunity.
Article Google Scholar. Bandura, A. Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Google Scholar. Bilbao-Osorio, B. Blotnicky, K. A study of the correlation between STEM career knowledge, mathematics self-efficacy, career interests, and career activities on the likelihood of pursuing a STEM career among middle school students.
Bottia, M. Economics of Education Review, 45 , 14— Britschgi, V. The Finnish Matriculation Examination. Cannady, M. Ceci, S. Top researchers debate the evidence. Chow, A. Task value profiles across subjects and aspirations to physical and IT-related sciences in the United States and Finland. Dabney, K. Out-of-school time science activities and their association with career interest in STEM.
Dasgupta, N. European Commission Finland, S. Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture The Finnish education in a nutshell. Holland, J. Making vocational choices: A theory of vocational personalities and work environments 3rd ed. Maximizing gender equality by minimizing course choice options? Effects of obligatory coursework in math on gender differences in STEM. Jang, H. Identifying 21st century STEM competencies using workplace data. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 25 2 , Lent, R. Toward a unifying social cognitive theory of career and academic interest, choice, and performance. Linnansaari, J. Lin-Siegler, X. Margot, K. Ministry of Education and Culture Finnish education system. Osborne, J. Attitude towards science: A review of the literature and its implications.
Pajares, F. Role of self-efficacy and self-concept beliefs in mathematical problem solving: A path analysis. Self-efficacy beliefs of adolescents. Palmer, T. Why school students choose and reject science: A study of the factors that students consider when selecting subjects. Parker, P. Juxtaposing math self-efficacy and self-concept as predictors of long-term achievement outcomes. Perez, T. The role of identity development, values, and costs in college STEM retention. Seyranian, V. The longitudinal effects of STEM identity and gender on flourishing and achievement in college physics. Slavit, D.
Stage, F. Incompatible goals: Narratives of graduate women in the mathematics pipeline. Su, R. Men and things, women and people: A meta-analysis of sex differences in interests. Finnish school in international comparison. Niemi, A. Kallioniemi Eds. Miracle of Education pp. Rotterdam, Netherlands: Sense Publishers. Chapter Google Scholar. Vincent-Ruz, P. The nature of science identity and its role as the driver of student choices.
Wang, M. Gender gap in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics STEM : Current knowledge, implications for practice, policy, and future directions. Not lack of ability but more choice: Individual and gender differences in choice of careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. Williams, C. Physics Education, 38 4 , — Wu, X. The effects of different versions of a gateway STEM course on student attitudes and beliefs.
Zeldin, A. Against the odds: Self-efficacy beliefs of women in mathematical, scientific, and technological careers. American Educational Research Journal, 37 1 , — Download references. The authors thank the students, student counselors, teachers, and principals of Oulu upper secondary schools, also the staff of the Department of Education and culture of Oulu, for giving their time and support for this study.
We are grateful to the Matriculation Examination Board and the CSC for opening their student registers for this research. We also owe a debt of gratitude to every Finnish research university that kindly supported our research by giving us their student selection information for research purposes. The authors are grateful for receiving funding for this research from the University of Oulu, the Adult Education Allowance of Finland, and from the Oulu University project regarding student admissions, funded by the Ministry of Education and Culture.
You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. Satu Kaleva collected the cohort sample, carried out the analysis and drafted the manuscript together with Hanni Muukkonen and Jouni Pursiainen. Jouni Pursiainen and Jarmo Rusanen collected the register datasets, Mirkka Hakola and Jouni Pursiainen analyzed the data and Jouni Pursiainen contributed on writing the data analysis of the quantitative data. All writers have approved the final manuscript. He is interested in the study paths from upper secondary school to the universities, especially the effect of subject choices in the matriculation examination. Her master theses research concentrated in finding the background factors that are influencing student acceptance process.
She has participated in the development projects of education. His research has been focused always on register based data, like matriculation examination in this study. Her research areas include collaborative learning, knowledge creation, learning analytics and methodological development. To study learning processes and pedagogical design, she has been involved in and lead several large scale international educational technology development projects carried out in multidisciplinary collaboration.
Correspondence to Satu Kaleva. All students in this study provided consent prior to study participation. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Reprints and Permissions. Kaleva, S. Download citation. Received : 20 June Accepted : 14 November Published : 13 December Anyone you share the following link with will be able to read this content:. Sorry, a shareable link is not currently available for this article. Provided by the Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative. Skip to main content.
Search all SpringerOpen articles Search. Download PDF. Conclusion Advanced mathematics was highly valued in Finnish universities, and many students chose advanced mathematics believing in its usefulness for their future studies or careers. Introduction Reasons for the gender gap in STEM science, technology, engineering, and mathematic fields have been sought in several studies e. Methods Setting of the study: education system in Finland In Finland, there are 5. The Finnish education system consists of: 1 Early childhood education and care before compulsory education begins.
General upper-secondary education After the 9-year compulsory basic education, school-leavers opt for general or vocational upper-secondary education. Data collection The original register data , including all the students admitted to Finnish universities during —, was collected from the Finnish universities by CSC, the IT Center for Science Ltd. These questions were presented in the questionnaire as follows: 1 Please continue the applicable sentences that concern your own choice of mathematics: open-ended questions I chose advanced mathematics, because….
Results The results showed that the student admission process of Finnish universities significantly appreciates advanced mathematics. Full size image. Table 2 Mathematics and gender distribution in different university degree programs — Full size table. Conclusions The current study investigated the connection between STEM subject choice, especially the choice of mathematics, conducted in upper-secondary school and their relation to university admissions. Availability of data and materials The questionnaire data were collected mostly from minor aged 16—year-old students with consent of confidentiality and therefore cannot be shared.
References Allen, C. Article Google Scholar Bandura, A. Google Scholar Bilbao-Osorio, B. Article Google Scholar Bottia, M. Article Google Scholar Britschgi, V. Google Scholar Cannady, M. Google Scholar Ceci, S. Google Scholar Chow, A. Article Google Scholar Dabney, K. Article Google Scholar European Commission Article Google Scholar Jang, H. Article Google Scholar Linnansaari, J.Or students that learn better through written text can access transcripts that accompany the What are good practice math problems for 6th graders? videos. More than 90 percent of the relevant age group starts general College essay what will you bring to the community vocational upper-secondary studies immediately after basic education. Not lack of ability but more choice: Individual and gender differences in choice of careers When do i get my gre essay score science, technology, engineering, and What is a good egg drop design?. We also found significant gender-based educational differences regarding all the study fields, with STEM careers attracting more males than females. College essay what will you bring to the community, R.